Gold holds prime importance in the Bengali culture especially during religious ceremonies and marriages. The tradition of wearing gold jewellery in weddings is centuries old. Majority of the traditional gold jewellery incorporate designs that have been passed down the generation. Here are the top 10 traditional gold based jewellery that is popular among Bengali women even today.
The ‘Paati Haar’:
One of the most primitive gold deigns is evident in this necklace. Bengali women wear this neck piece in occasions like marriages and ‘Durga Puja’ even to this date. This ethnic neck wear is common among the affluent Bengali families. Earlier the designs were more complicated, making it tough to wear this necklace all day long. But today the jewellers have worked to make this neck wear more convenient to wear by making it broader and flat in shape so that women can flaunt this fashionable neck piece without undergoing any discomfort.
The ‘Jhumko’ or ‘Jhumka’ :
Also called ‘chandelier’ earrings in English, this earring design displays flower motifs. It is hugely popular among the Bengali women. Many new designs and intricacies have been incorporated in the latest ‘jhumkas’ making it more stylish and suitable for wearing with the present-day saris and other ethnic apparels.
These are traditional gold nose rings that are worn after having the nose pierced. They are mostly worn by the brides during a Bengali marriage ceremony. They add to the feminism of a bride or any woman for that matter. The ‘Nath’ is traditionally a large-sized nose ring in the Bengali culture and it is said that the larger the size of the ring is, the more affluent the family is. This is the reason for ‘Bonedi’ families (rich by heritage) encouraging the use of the large-sized nose rings during festivities and other important occasions.
Tikli too is another traditional gold jewellery used to adorn the head of a Bengali woman. It is worn during marriages by brides and also during the various festivals celebrated by the Bengalis. The designs are intricate and the more expensive ones include studded stones (both precious and semi-precious) in the delicately designed ‘tikli’.
Similar to the tiaras worn in the Western culture by the brides, this gold ornament is used to hold the veils of a Bengali bride at the wedding ceremony. It is said that this piece of jewellery was inspired by the British fashion of yesteryears when they were the rulers of the country. A ‘tairaa’ is basically ‘tiara’ and ‘mangtika’ combined to offer an elegant and graceful look to the new bride. It essentially helps in tying up the ‘veil’ of the Bengali bride. In the image given below, actress Aushwarya Rai is wearing the traditional ‘tairaa’ in a Bengali wedding scene.
The ‘Choker’ or ‘Chik’:
This is closely-fitting neck wear that is worn on the higher part of the neck. It is broad in shape and is supposed to worn in such a way that it does not reach the ‘collar bone’ in any way. Gold chokers in the modern era are mostly diamond-studded or come with pearls.
‘Kaan’ is Bengali word for ears. This gold jewellery is shaped as the human ear is supposed to cover the entire ear when worn. Bengali brides flaunt this ornament during marriage ceremonies. A huge amount of this precious metal is used for making this ‘kaan’ which comes up to a minimum of 15gm for each ear.
The ‘Kaan Bala’:
Chandelier earrings in gold also belong to the category of traditional Bengali jewelleries. ‘Kaan Bala’ is favoured by most Bengali women and is inspired from the bangle’s shape. Bangles are called ‘bala’ in Bengali which is why the ornament is named so.
Traditional gold bracelets in Bengal are called ‘Chur’ and have elegant designs carved on them. Although they are available in pairs you can buy one piece to create your own style statement. Hefty gold amount is required to make ‘chur’ which can reach up to a staggering 50gm.
The last of the top traditional gold ornaments of Bengal is the ‘ratnachur’. It has been surviving since the Mughal times. It is mostly a jewellery piece for the hand with five finger rings that are attached through individual chains to reach the wrist or arm. Sun, lotus and moon designs have been traditionally used in making thse gold ornaments. ‘Ratnachur’ is usually worn by a Bengali bride during her marriage ceremony.
So, these are the most commonly available and popular traditional gold jewellery pieces in Bengal.
Did you know about these Bengali Gold Jewelries?
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