Types Of Skin Pigmentation And Their Treatment



Types Of Skin Pigmentation And Their Treatment

Uneven Skin Pigmentation is one skin popular that is very common among all skin tones, types and backgrounds. There can be a number of reasons responsible for uneven skin pigmentation which include of hormonal changes, genetic history, sun exposure and skin inflammation and damage.

The above mentioned reasons effect the melanin production in a way that it results in over or under melanin production in the body, which causes uneven skin pigmentation.

There are various types of skin pigmentation problems, while some can be cured but there are few kinds of skin pigmentations of which there is no evident cure. To know more about these, read on:

Types of Skin Pigmentation And Their Treatment





Small clusters of concentrated melanin cause Freckles when they are exposed to sunlight. Freckles can occur on any skin color and types; however it is more common among people with fair skin tone.
People who have freckles are mostly advised to not stay in sun and avoid sun exposure as much as possible. Use of good sunscreens with high SPF is a must for them as they more vulnerable to the damaging effects of Ultra Violet rays.

Liver Spots/Age Spots:


Age Spots


Age Spots or Liver spots are also called as solar lentigos. These types of skin pigmentation are mostly associated with ageing and exposure to Ultra Violet rays. It commonly occurs in people near or over 40 years of age because by this age the skin begins to lose its ability to repair the damage which is caused by sun exposure. They are usually found on hands, arms, face and back, and are characterized by uneven patches of light brown to black skin pigment. They too can be taken care of by avoiding sun exposure and using sunscreen with high SPF content.



Vascular Birthmark


Birthmarks are irregular blemishes on skin which are found on a baby’s body by birth or after few weeks of birth. Birthmarks are often characterized into two types, which are:

Pigmented Birthmarks-These are a result of dysfunction of melanocytes and are at times accompanied with moles and Mongolian spots. They are usually blue to brown colored patches.

Vascular Birthmarks- These are a result of vascular abnormality in skin’s capillaries. Growth of vascular cells on skin surface too causes these. Macular stains are a kind of vascular birthmarks.

For birthmarks there is no cure available but can be covered up by cosmetics, however as an adult you can try laser treatments.





Melasma also known as Chloasma Faciei is most common in women, but this does not mean that it does not occur in men. Women who are pregnant, using contraceptive pills or receiving hormone replacement therapy are more susceptible of this type of skin pigmentation. Melasma is often caused by over activation of melanocytes by the female sex hormones that increase melanin production with sun exposure. Melasma is most commonly found on the cheeks, nose, lips, and forehead.

Sunscreens and avoiding sun exposure can prevent melasma from becoming worse. Medicated patch Lightening creams too can aid in its cure. Chemical peels and laser treatments are a common cure of these.





Albinism is a rare, inherited skin disorder which is a result of total or partial lack of melanin in the skin. People with albinism are referred as Albinos. They have white hair, pale skin, and pink eyes.

There is no scientific cure for albinism. Albinos should avoid sunlight because they lack melanin.

Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation:


Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation


Post-inflammatory hyper-pigmentation is a result of increase in melanin production caused due to an inflammatory response. Inflammation is caused when trauma occurs at the dermal or epidermal layers of the skin. It can also be caused due various other reasons which include acne, dermatitis, skin injury, infections, allergic reactions, medications, or certain diseases.

This kind of skin pigmentation can be cured by an early medication and various topical creams. A delayed hyper-pigmentation is often not completely curable.





Vitiligo is identified by smooth, white patches in the skin, which are caused by the loss of melanocytes. The white patches are very sensitive to the sun.

There is no cure evident for vitiligo and the responses of treatments vary from person to person. Its treatment may include covering smaller patches with long-lasting dyes, light-sensitive drugs, ultraviolet light therapy, corticosteroid creams.

These were the various types of pigmentation and there possible treatments. For most skin pigmentation, heavy use of sunscreens and avoiding sun exposure is recommended. If your skin pigmentation is a result of genes then there is probably no cure of it but yes medication to prevent it from worsening is possible. Any skin pigmentation does not affect a person’s health but it may affect your confidence. I suggest being open about the issue and talk & explain people, if they enquire, as this will give a boost to your declining confidence and will not leave you embarrassed.

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